13 Things that May Help Reina Hispanoamericana Winwyn Marquez Establish Her Spanish Connection

23316833_10155703642641181_2341467427575626605_n
Reigning 2017 Reina Hispanoamericana Winwyn Marquez of the Philippines with some of her fellow candidates. Marquez’s mother, Alma Moreno, is from Macabebe, Pampanga, a place notable in Spanish History as the last colonial town to have remained loyal to Spain. Photo from Reina Hispanoamerican Facebook page.

I’m not sure if Winwyn Marquez, the newly crowned Reina Hispanoamericana, is aware that the province of her parents, Pampanga, gave Spain a wonderful kind of history of loyalty. Jose Felipe Del-Pan, a 19th century Spanish journalist described, the people of Pampanga (Kapampangans) as “the loyal companions of our disgraces and of our graces.” But the downside of it? The Kapampangans earned lasting racist tags from their fellow Filipinos: taksil” (‘traitor’) and “dugong aso (literally ‘canine-blood,’ actually a metaphor for the dog-like loyalty of the Kapampangans to their master or their adherence to the constituted authority). In his 5 November 2017 column in Abante, historian Xiao Chua made it clear that Pampanga just joined the Revolution on 3 June 1898 in Bacolor town, contrary to popular belief that it was among the eight provinces to first rise against the Spaniards in 1896. By the way, Winwyn’s father, Joey Marquez, is from Mabalacat, Pampanga, while her mother Vanessa Lacsamana, a.k.a. Alma Moreno, is from Macabebe, Pampanga.

But the most interesting of the Kapampanganess of Winwyn is her Macabebe lineage. Her Macabebe forebears were the first to resist Spanish invaders in Luzon in 1571 and surprisingly the last to defend the Spaniards in the Philippines in 1898 (and even joining them in repatriation to the Marianas and later to Spain in 1899). In honor of the Macabebe soldiers, a street in the Spanish capital of Madrid bears the name “Calle de Voluntarios Macabebes.” Continue reading 13 Things that May Help Reina Hispanoamericana Winwyn Marquez Establish Her Spanish Connection

Advertisements

Dalamhati ng Isang Macabebe

10178129_869089096446589_8574970333021328575_n
Minsan sa isang akademikong pagtitipon natanong ako nang malaman na taga-Macabebe, Pampanga ako: “may kuryente ba sa Macabebe?” Mayroon naman, wika ko. Ngunit nagulat ako sa sunod niyang sambit: “May Macabebe pa pala ngayon; akala ko sa libro ko lang sila makikita.” K. Tnx. Bye.

Isang araw pinasyalan ako ng aking kababata sa aming dating bahay sa San Francisco, Macabebe, Pampanga. Kapuwa nasa unang taon kami noon sa kolehiyo; kaibahan nga lamang, sa Malolos, Bulacan ako nag-aral at siya sa Maynila. Bakit daw siya tinawag na taksil ng propesor niya sa Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas nang magpakilala sa klase na mula siya sa Macabebe, Pampanga. “Mahabang kuwento,” tanging nasambit ko. Alam ko namang tatamarin siya sa pakikinig kapag ikinuwento ko.

Lumipas ang dalawang linggo, muli niya akong pinasyalan. Sa pagkakataong ito, dala-dala niya ang kaniyang biniling teksbuk sa Kasaysayan ng Pilipinas. Nabasa niya ang Macabebe sa ilang pahina ng teksbuk. Tanong niya sa akin, “may kapangalan ba ang Macabebe?” Doon na ako nagkuwento sa kaniya. Bigla ko tuloy naalala noon na nang ako’y Grade 5, habang tinitingnan ko kung may sira ba ang teksbuk ko sa Heograpiya, Kasaysayan, at Sibika bago isauli, natiyempuhan ko ang pahinang may ilustrasyon ng pagdakip ng hukbong Amerikano kay Pangulong Emilio Aguinaldo; at sa kapsyon nito mababasa na kabilang ang 81 sundalong Macabebe sa dumakip. Wala rin akong idea noon kung bakit nakasulat sa aklat ng kasaysayan ang Macabebe. Tanong ko rin noon: “‘di nga kaya may kapangalan ang bayan namin.” Continue reading Dalamhati ng Isang Macabebe